t东京热女主角名单|东京热最经典的是哪几

SAT(美國高考)

SAT香港考試團起航夢想
當前位置:SAT > SAT寫作 > 正文
新SAT寫作文章速讀技巧
2020-02-12 17:19   作者:新航道   閱讀量:

現行的新sat考試中,寫作部分由之前的自選立場寫議論文改為分析性寫作,考生需要在50分鐘的時間內完成對一篇文章的閱讀、分析和寫作三方面的任務,難度大大增加。很多同學抱怨寫不完,更有很多考生在第一關就犯難--讀不懂!

合理規劃各部分用時的話,閱讀時間當限制在在12分鐘左右。然而所選文章詞數在650-750之間,且源自權威報刊或名人演講(演講目前還沒考到),難度并不低。想要短時間內把文章讀懂、析透,除了需要平時多讀英文書報提升閱讀速度和理解能力外,還必須掌握一定的技巧。這里給大家兩個方面的建議來提高閱讀效率:1.掌握正確閱讀步驟2.抓住有效信息提示。

一、正確的閱讀步驟:Title-Assignment-Article

第一步毋庸置疑是讀題目,通過題目可以對文章內容作一個基本定位。

第二步是讀文章后面的方框,也叫assignment,里面會告訴我們本文的中心論點,這也是CB比較仁慈的一個地方。中心論點確定了,對內容理解上一般就不會跑偏,因為文中所有文字毫無疑問是為論點服務的。

第三步才是讀正文,分析作者是如何展開及證明本人論點的。

正確的步驟有了,大方向定了,接下來具體的文本解讀亦有技巧可尋。

二、 有效的信息提示:段首句,上下文,轉折后

1.段首句

新sat的文章為議論文,在寫作方面,大部分段落采用PEEL結構,具體對應如下:

P

Point

主題句

E

Evidence

論據使用

E

Explanation

解釋分析

L

Link

結構作用

這種段落的特點是內容明確,段首句準確概括段落大意,幫助理解又節省時間。如:

The claims that plastic bags are worse for the environment than paper bags or cotton reusable bags are dubious at best. In fact, compared to paper bags, plastic grocery bags produce fewer greenhouse gas emissions, require 70 percent less energy to make, generate 80 percent less waste, and utilize less than 4 percent of the amount of water needed to manufacture them. This makes sense because plastic bags are lighter and

take up less space than paper bags.

Reusable bags come with their own set of problems. They, too, have a larger carbon footprint than plastic bags. Even more disconcerting are the findings of several studies that plastic bag bans lead to increased health problems due to food contamination from bacteria that remain in the reusable bags. A November 2012 statistical analysis by University of Pennsylvania law professor Jonathan Klick and George Mason University law professor and economist Joshua D. Wright found that San Francisco's plastic bag ban in 2007 resulted in a subsequent spike in hospital emergency room visits due to E. coli, salmonella, and campylobacter-related intestinal infectious diseases. The authors conclude that the ban even accounts for several additional deaths in the city each year from such infections.(官方指南p204)

通過兩個段落的首句即可知作者并不贊同塑料袋比紙袋更危害環境,并認為紙袋本身存在很多問題,觀點非常明確。

2.上下文

除了PEEL結構之外,還有一種典型寫法是整個段落都是論據,不加贅言,而在上下文(通常是是下文)進行分析解釋,如:

All of this decline was playing out at a time when the U.S. was embroiled in two overseas wars, with hundreds of thousands of Americans deployed in Iraq and Afghanistan. It was happening as domestic politics grappled with the merits and consequences of a global war on terror, as a Great Recession was blamed in part on global imbalances in savings, and as world leaders debated a global trade treaty and pacts aimed at addressing climate change. It unfolded as American workers heard increasingly that their wages and job security were under assault by competition from counterparts on the other side of oceans.

In short, news of the world is becoming palpably more relevant to the day-to-day experiences of American readers, and it is rapidly disappearing. (官方指南p184)

上述引文中第一段講述了與美國人民密切相關的一些國際大事,很多同學讀完后誤以為這段話表達的含義是美國對國外新聞的專業報道下降是由這些事件造成的。事實上作者在下一段中進行了分析解讀--美國對國外新聞的專業報道下降恰恰是發生在世界大事與國人生活息息相關之時。

美國三月真題的作文部分(A Call for National Service)前三段也是如此安排,這種寫作手法并不罕見。因此,考生須切記議論文從來不是論點與論據的簡單堆砌,作者會用相應的論證將其聯系起來,如果本段內沒有,那么大多是在下文。

3.轉折后

一個常識是,只要作者在文中使用了轉折,那么論述重點在于轉折之后的部分。所以在新sat文章中,見到but, yet, however等轉折詞時要明確其后的內容才是作者的表達重心。如:

We all know the power of Twitter, Facebook and other forms of social media to connect readers in one place with images and impressions from situations unfolding far away. We know the force of social media during the Arab Spring, as activists convened and reacted to changing circumstances. . . . Facts and insights reside on social media, waiting to be harvested by the digitally literate contemporary correspondent.

And yet those of us who have been engaged in foreign reporting for many years will confess to unease over many of the developments unfolding online, even as we recognize the trends are as unstoppable as globalization or the weather. Too often it seems as if professional foreign correspondents, the people paid to use their expertise while serving as informational filters, are being replaced by citizen journalists who function largely as funnels, pouring insight along with speculation, propaganda and other white noise into the mix.(官方指南p184)

引文中第一段認同了網絡媒體在新聞報道中起到了一定作用,但這并不是他真正想表達的,因為第二段中出現了yet一詞。第二段作者話鋒一轉,談論起專業新聞人對當前網絡介質過度使用這一現狀的擔憂。所以這才是真正的側重點--依賴網絡傳播新聞弊端明顯,而前面不過是欲抑先揚的鋪墊罷了。

例子很多,在此不能一一列舉。同學們若能牢記以上兩方面的建議,并以此引導閱讀,分清主次,速度與理解準確性定有較大提升。更多雅思考試干貨敬請關注新航道SAT考試頻道

熱門專題
熱門文章

    定制屬于自己的學習方案

    您的姓名
    聯系方式
    所在城市
    • 北京市
    • 天津市
    • 上海市
    • 重慶市
    • 河北省
    • 河南省
    • 廣東省
    • 遼寧省
    • 湖南省
    • 四川省
    • 安徽省
    • 山東省
    • 江蘇省
    • 浙江省
    • 湖北省
    • 山西省
    • 陜西省
    • 福建省
    • 江西省
    • 廣西省
    • 甘肅省
    • 黑龍江省
    • 內蒙古
    • 吉林省
    • 新疆維吾爾
    • 貴州省
    • 云南省
    • 青海省
    • 西藏
    • 寧夏回族
    • 海南省
    立即預約
    戰略合作單位
    t东京热女主角名单 雷速体育直播间 足球即时比分球探比分球探 2011中超足球直播 内蒙古十一选五 北京赛车 90ko急速比分网 雪缘园篮彩即时赔率 35选7 广西快乐十分 新疆35选7 宁夏十一选五 nba比分一般是多少 14场足球直播 老快3 黑龙江时时彩 竞彩篮球大小分